Science has just given a further twist to the issue of male infertility by achieving a challenge that has been pursued since the 1970s. Once again reality is stranger than fiction because scientists have succeeded in creating sperm in the laboratory using a cultivation method.
Crawling is your baby& 39;s first method of getting around efficiently on his own. In the traditional crawl, he& 39;ll start by learning to balance on his hands and knees. Then he& 39;ll figure out how to move forward and backward by pushing off with his knees. At the same time, he& 39;ll be strengthening the muscles that will soon enable him to walk.
The work isn& 39;t over just because you found your dream preschool or daycare center. Your child& 39;s caregivers count on you to keep up your end of the bargain – they keep your child safe and secure while you& 39;re at work, and you agree to respect their time and effort.& 34;We& 39;re a team,& 34; says Elice Webster, founder and director of the Children& 39;s Cultural Center of Marin in Sausalito, California.
The frontal lobe of the brain (located behind the forehead) handles all thought and voluntary behavior such as walking, speech, and problem solving, and some aspects of emotion. Development in this area really takes off between six and 12 months, when your baby becomes more mobile and verbal.When your baby starts babbling, it& 39;s the left side of her brain that lights up with activity, and when she listens to a favorite lullaby or becomes fascinated by what fits inside a piece of Tupperware, the right side of her brain is in control.
Does caffeine affect fertility?It might. Some studies have found a link between caffeine consumption and a woman& 39;s ability to conceive, while others have not. Most experts say there just isn& 39;t enough evidence to make a definite conclusion about caffeine and fertility.Although researchers haven& 39;t been able to find a clear connection between moderate caffeine intake and fertility problems, it& 39;s generally considered safe to consume 200 to 300 milligrams (mg) of caffeine daily while trying to conceive.
The key to finding the right nanny for your child? Be willing to keep looking until you discover the person who will be the best fit for your family. Don& 39;t compromise on this issue one bit – and know that it could be a long search.You& 39;ll need to be patient and resourceful, and consult everyone from friends and family to nanny agencies to find possible candidates.
Your child is now 2, and has become even more, well, assertive. But his defiance really results from the tug-of-war between his desire for independence and his continuing need for help. What he& 39;s doing – again and again – is testing his limits.Along with independence come expanded language skills.
Do I need a contract when I hire a nanny?You aren& 39;t legally required to have a written contract with your nanny, but it can prevent misunderstandings down the road. Drawing one up starts the conversation about the ground rules of the arrangement and establishes them clearly. And if problems arise, a contract also protects you both because you can refer to it if you need to resolve an issue.
What is gestational surrogacy?Gestational surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a baby for another person or couple. The woman who carries the baby is the gestational surrogate, or gestational carrier. The parents-to-be are known as the intended parents, and they are involved in the pregnancy, can be present at the birth, and become the child& 39;s parents after the baby is born.
What are the advantages of preschool?Preschools are inspected for licensing purposes, teachers are supervised (many groups and classrooms have more than one teacher), and a director oversees the entire operation. This regulation and order can be very reassuring. And your child benefits from this formality, too.
Are girls really easier to potty train than boys?Yes, although no one seems to know just why. In her book Toilet Learning, author Alison Mack says the difference may be at least partially due to the fact that moms tend to be the primary potty-trainers in a family. If that& 39;s the case, the skill may click a little sooner for girls because they have the advantage of observing someone with the same equipment.
At what age do babies walk?Most babies take their first steps sometime between 9 and 12 months and are walking well by the time they& 39;re 14 or 15 months old. Don& 39;t worry if your child takes a little longer, though. Some perfectly normal children don& 39;t walk until they& 39;re 16 or 17 months old.
Young toddlers are becoming more excited about independence but are constantly reminded of their own limits. So while they insist on doing something & 34;Myself!& 34; one moment, the next might find them turning to Mom or Dad for help.The way toddlers learn what they can do is by getting their hands into everything.
To prepare for your baby& 39;s 12-month checkup, learn what will happen at the visit. You may also want to consider the questions the doctor is likely to ask and jot down answers beforehand.What the doctor will doWeigh and measure your babyYou& 39;ll need to undress your baby completely for weighing.
Choosing a home daycare for your child means asking a lot of questions and being observant. Start your search about six months before you& 39;ll need childcare (the best places fill up fast)—and use the following list as a guide.Keep in mind that you may not get everything you& 39;re looking for—and that& 39;s okay.
What is preschool?Preschool is usually geared to children from about age 3 to 5 – those who have moved beyond toddlerhood but aren& 39;t yet old enough for kindergarten. A good preschool program might emphasize the ways it promotes your child& 39;s development, including laying the groundwork for a solid start in kindergarten.
How can listening to music benefit my child?Toddlers and preschoolers have lots to gain from listening to music. It& 39;s fun, for one thing, and it also encourages movement, which is important for young children who are perfecting their motor skills. & 34;Kids learn through movement,& 34; says Rosalie Pratt, a professor of music medicine at Brigham Young University.
Choosing childcare for your baby or toddler is one of the hardest decisions a parent has to face. And it pays to be picky. Daycare centers can run the gamut from outstanding to, well, much worse.Start making the rounds about six months before you& 39;ll need childcare (good centers fill up fast) and watch for the warning signs listed below.
Find out what to expect at this well-baby checkup. Download a printable version of our 6-month checkup worksheet to take with you. You may want to read through the questions and jot down answers beforehand.What the doctor will doWeigh and measure your babyYou& 39;ll need to undress your baby completely for weighing.
How should I handle pressure from my parents and in-laws?It& 39;s not unusual for today& 39;s grandparents to think their grandchildren should be potty trained at an age when many modern children are still in diapers. Child rearing practices of a generation ago were not as child-centered as they are today.
Setting up clear lines of communication from the start helps any childcare relationship go more smoothly. And this is especially important when your caregiver is also a family member.Make sure you set up a system for exchanging questions, comments, and concerns. After all, if you trust your relative enough to have her care for your child, she probably has helpful ideas and suggestions to contribute.